The city of Atlanta has been evolving over time as property buyers continue to seek out the convenience of urban living. Downtown Atlanta and its neighborhoods are particularly affected, because there is a new and thriving demand for housing in these areas. In-town communities like Bedford Pine, Butler Street, Castleberry Hill, Old Fourth Ward and Vine City are transitioning into the urban communities of tomorrow, where convenience and quality living play the primary roles. The history of these communities, however, remains an important part of Atlanta’s modern culture.
Bedford-Pine was one of the first neighborhoods to provide rebuilt residential housing. Established in the 1970s, this community has grown to encompass a varied selection of apartments, condos and single-family homes, as well as a commercial center. Bedford-Pine is sometimes referred to as SoNo (short for south of North Avenue).
The Butler Street community is the area surrounding the Martin Luther King, Jr. National Historic Site, also known as the Sweet Auburn District. The home where King was born and several other historic buildings in the area remind visitors and locals of the many achievements made by Atlanta’s African-American community. Significant sites to see are the Atlanta Life Insurance Company building, the Historic Ebenezer Baptist Church and the Royal Peacock Club. The district was designated a National Historic Landmark in 1976 and has been benefiting from rehabilitation efforts since 1994.
Another of Downtown’s registered historic neighborhoods is Castleberry Hill. Once a warehouse district of days past, Castleberry Hill is now asserting a new identity as a residential neighborhood. The community is located on the southwest side of Atlanta’s main business district, making it a prime target for refurbishment. The old warehouse buildings are being renovated to create spacious loft homes for property buyers who appreciate the Downtown location.
Like Castleberry Hill, Vine City has a prime location; it is adjacent to Downtown and the Atlanta University Center campuses. Notable Vine City landmarks include Morris Brown College and Morehouse College. With the development of new apartment homes and single-family homes and the renovation of older homes, Vine City faces an exciting future.
The diverse Old Fourth Ward area is located east of Downtown. Here, home seekers will find restored Victorian and Craftsman homes mixed among commercial property. The Historic District Development Corporation – the organization that also spearheaded the redevelopment of Sweet Auburn – is working to increase the supply of affordable, high quality homes in this area.
Other notable Downtown communities are English Avenue and Centennial Place. English Avenue is home to two historic school sites, Craddock Elementary School and English Avenue Elementary School. Centennial Place is the modern name for the Techwood Homes community, the country’s first public housing project. Techwood Homes housing was originally built in the 1930s, but has since been fully redeveloped as a modern, mixed-income, mixed-use community under the jurisdiction of the Atlanta Housing Authority (AHA). Other AHA projects are U-Rescue Villa and the Grady/Antoine Graves communities.
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